10 th Mountain Division Band members deliver musical holiday greetings with virtual concert. Fort Drum officials say two dogs diagnosed with contagious, potentially fatal disease. Atlas Obscura and our trusted partners use technology such as cookies on our website to personalise ads, support social media features, and analyse our traffic. With the beginning of the Philippines Campaign in December 1941, these defenses were led by Major General George F. Moore. Please click below to consent to the use of this technology while browsing our site. Monti Physical Fitness Facility has reopened for service members. Normal operating hours are now in effect: 6 a.m. to 6 p.m. Monday through Friday and 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Sunday. [17] The four 14-inch turret guns were never out of action and were still firing effectively five minutes before the fall of Corregidor. Private Trip: Immersive Art and Otherworldly Landscapes of Santa Fe, Private Trip: Croatia’s Abandoned Sites & Ancient Cities, Private Trip: A Culinary Exploration of Lisbon, New Year, Ancient Foods: Food, Foraging & Mythology With Lori McCarthy and Felicity Roberts, Tyler Thrasher Wonder Hour: Growing Crystals, Monster of the Month with Colin Dickey: Chupacabra, Why Longtime Alaska Residents Are Called 'Sourdoughs', Brooklyn's Putrid, Beloved Gowanus Canal Has Been a Horror for Centuries, Saving the Songs of South Korea's Female Divers, Trapped in Museums for Centuries, Maori Ancestors Are Coming Home, For Sale: Papers From the Planning of the 1963 March on Washington, How a Blacksmith in Jordan Created His Own Sign Language, In Naples, Praying With Skulls Is an Ancient Tradition, Inside a Domed Pyramid With Astounding Acoustics and a History of Miracles, Abandoned WWII Structures of Motutapu Island, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Drum_(El_Fraile_Island), http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/269183/publicaffairs/iwitness/the-unsinkable-battleship-slowly-falls-apart. However, due to inadequate defenses in the area, a plan was devised to level the island, and then build a concrete structure on top of it armed with two twin 12-inch (305 mm) guns. [10] The secondary 6-inch (152 mm) M1908MII guns on M1910 pedestal mounts in casemates, Batteries Roberts and McCrea, were installed the same year. One of the 14-inch guns with soldier standing on it for scale. The surrender of the Manila Bay forts marked the end of U.S. resistance in the Philippines. When war did break out with the U.S., El Fraile first saw actio… 4.7k. The island was leveled out and built back up almost from scratch with reinforced concrete, and cast in the basic shape of a massive battleship. The site of one of Japan's very few American occupations during World War II still holds the relics of a roundly disastrous campaign. No purchase necessary. An investigation into the death of Cpl. [15] Fort Drum surrendered to Japanese forces following the fall of Corregidor on May 6, 1942 and was subsequently occupied by them until 1945. Follow us on Twitter to get the latest on the world's hidden wonders. Ben King's Report Post War, Fort Drum: Concrete Battleship of the Philippines, Fort Drum: Unsinkable Battleship in the Manila Bay, 1. part, Fort Drum and the Battle of Philippines, 2. part, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Fort_Drum_(Philippines)?oldid=4238600, Top deck is 40 ft (12 m) above water at mean low tide. To learn more or withdraw consent, please visit our cookie policy. The forward turret, with a traverse of 230°, was mounted on the forward portion of the top deck, which was 9 ft (2.7 m) below the top deck; the rear turret, with a full 360° traverse, was mounted on the top deck. The reinforced concrete fortress shaped like a battleship was built by the United States in 1909 as one of the harbor defenses at the wider South Channel entrance to the bay during the American colonial period. Fort Drum (originally known as El Fraile Island), also known as "the concrete battleship," is a heavily fortified island situated at the mouth of Manila Bay in the Philippines, due south of Corregidor Island. Captured by the Japanese during WW2, the Americans retook it by pouring gasoline inside and setting it aflame, killing every Japanese soldier inside. In 1945 during the offensive to recapture Manila, the heavily fortified island was the last position in the bay that was held by the Japanese. In 1945, as part of the offensive to recapture Manila, Fort Drum was assaulted by US forces. With the collapse of American and Filipino resistance in Bataan on April 10, only Fort Drum and the other harbor forts remained in U.S. hands. The guns of both turrets were capable of 15° elevation, giving them a range of 19,200 yards (17,600 m). Erbaut 1908 mit einer Besatzung von 200 Mann. Initially Fort Drum was planned as a mine control and mine casemate station. Winner will be selected at random on 02/01/2021. We depend on ad revenue to craft and curate stories about the world’s hidden wonders. Kingman, Brigadier General John J. [20], An automated light was recently installed by the Philippine Coast Guard on the top deck for guiding ships entering the South Channel of Manila Bay.[20]. Fort Drum Travel Guide Car Rentals in Fort Drum Fort Drum Vacations Important: This destination may have COVID-19 travel restrictions in place, including specific restrictions for lodging. WATERTOWN, N.Y. (WWNY) - Fort Drum officials say Corporal Hayden Harris, a 20-year-old soldier who went missing between Thursday and Friday, has been found dead. Until that time, the cage mast control tower masked the fire of the rear main turret, while the height of the gun above water created a dead space even had the field of fire been clear.[6]. The Board of Fortifications chaired by William H. Taft recommended that key harbors of territories acquired by the United States after the Spanish–American War be fortified. After the Spanish-American War, America needed to beef up their defenses around many of their newly acquired territories such as Manila Bay. [16] The 20-ft thick reinforced concrete roof enabled Fort Drum to withstand the concentrated and long continued pounding it received from the Japanese from about February 15 to May 6, 1942. [7] Its exterior walls ranged between approximately 25 to 36 ft (7.6 to 11.0 m) thick, making it virtually impregnable to enemy naval attack. Fort Drum served as the gatekeeper of Manila, the capital of the Philippines. The wooden barracks located on the fort's deck were dismantled to provide an unobstructed field of fire for Battery Wilson. at Fort Drum deliver holiday support to local organizations. [12][13], Fort Drum. Fort Drum encompasses El Fraile Island in the South Entrance of Manila Bay off Luzon in the Philippines. Fort Drum stands on an originally barren rocky island called El Fraile that was leveled by the U.S Army between 1909 and 1914, and built up with thick layers of steel reinforced concrete into a massive fortress, 350 feet long, 144 feet wide, and rising 40 feet above the water. Cavite City, Philippines A man-made island designed to look like a massive battleship. Source: Unknown When World War II started, the concrete battleship was the first American coastal artillery to open fire against the invading Japanese forces. Close. The bay is the seaward entrance to Manila, the capital city of the Philippines. Consider supporting our work by becoming a member for as little as $5 a month. It … The abandoned medieval theme park was meant to be the "Disneyland of the Philippines.". Arguably the greatest coastal fort ever was America’s Fort Drum, which guarded Manila Bay in The Philippines until Japanese forces surrounded it in May 1942. After a heavy aerial and naval bombardment, US troops gained access to the deck of the fort on 13 April, and were able to confine the garrison below. El Fraile Island before the construction of Fort Drum. Hauptbewaffnung vier Kanonen vom Kaliber 15,2 cm an den Aussenwänden. The small island of El Fraile is situated at the mouth of Manila Bay in the Philippines. Today located in Cavite Province and designated as a Military Reservoir Zone administrated by the Philippine Navy and Philippine Marines. All rights reserved. Footage shot after United States battleships conclude bombardment of Japanese-held Fort Drum in Manila Bay, Philippines during World War 2. (2003). Unfortunately, when the Japanese blitzkrieged through the Philippines in 1942, Fort Drum was among the bastions captured by the Japanese. Two World War II aircraft lie within the jungle around this abandoned runway. 5. There, the troops pumped two parts diesel oil and one part gasoline into mortar pits, stood off, and ignited it with tracer bullets. Just off the coast of the Philippines what appears to be a … To this end, it was decided that instead of stationing precious naval forces in the harbor, a permanent defense platform would be established on the tiny rock known as El Fraile Island. [19] Upon ignition, the remaining Japanese were annihilated; the flammable mixture kept a fire burning in the fort for several days. Fort Drum (El Fraile Island), also known as the “concrete battleship,” is a heavily fortified island fortress situated at the mouth of Manila Bay in the Philippines, due south of Corregidor Island.It was occupied by the Japanese in World War II, and was recaptured by the U.S. after igniting oil and gasoline in the fort, leaving it permanently out of commission. [11], Searchlights, anti-aircraft batteries, and a 60-foot (18 m) lattice-style fire control tower were mounted on the fort's upper surface. The faux-ship was highly defensible and struck an imposing silhouette to enemies. Senate preps for 2nd impeachment trial after Trump incites mob CBS News; Like us on Facebook to get the latest on the world's hidden wonders. A network of fortifications that never saw conflict. After a heavy aerial and naval bombardment, U.S. troops gained access to the deck of the fort on April 13 and were able to confine the garrison below. Battery Wilson is the upper battery of the bow of Fort Drum on El Fraile Island inside Manila Bay in the Philippines. Having returned on Oct. 20, 1944, the Americans began the process of liberating the Philippines. The ruins on a deserted tropical island in the Philippines bear the scars of WWII. On the night of May 5, the 14-inch batteries of Fort Drum opened fire on the second wave of the Japanese forces assaulting Corregidor, sinking several troop barges and inflicting heavy casualties. After securing the troops outside the fort, the Americans simply poured oil and gasoline into the base and set it alight, obliterating the remaining enemy troops and starting a fire which burned inside the base for days. Despite the ongoing battle, however, the Americans started began to clear the fortified islands of Japanese to open Manila Bay for shipping, with Fort Drum being the last island to get liberated. Due the perceived strength of Corregidor's defenses, it was dubbed the "Gibraltar of the East." It took 14 days before the fortress could finally be examined. Rather than atte… McGovern, Terrance C.; Berhow, Mark A. Fort Drum was located on El Fraile Island, about 7500 yards south of Caballo Island and by virtue of its peculiar character, a static battleship in the southern approaches to Manila Bay, it was the most unique of the Harbor Defense forts. This includes data values and the controlled vocabularies that house them. [6], Overhead protection of the fort was provided by a 20-foot (6.1 m) thick steel-reinforced concrete deck. On 13 April, a Landing Ship Medium (LSM) and … These were for sea defense and in anticipation of any upcoming conflict, especially with the United States. Also known as "The Concrete Battleship" for the shape of the fortification. The Linked Data Service provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the Library of Congress. A surprisingly beautiful abandoned World War II military base in East Greenland. Just off the coast of the Philippines what appears to be a huge, blocky warship is actually a concrete island known as Fort Drum, or El Fraile Island, an abandoned military post that still has its rusting guns in place. Our Fort Drum kit in 1/350 scale is an extremely unique piece of history that can be a key component of any collection! Offer subject to change without notice. It was captured and occupied by the Japanese during World War II, and was recaptured by the U.S. after igniting petroleum and gasoline in the fort, leaving it permanently out of commission. Vice President Mike Pence to visit Fort Drum this weekend WPTZ Plattsburgh-Burlington. The attackers used the fort and restocked its ammunition. Church organ in the Philippines constructed out of bamboo. [8], 14-inch guns and turret undergoing testing at Sandy Hook Proving Ground before installation at Fort Drum, Construction began in April 1909 and lasted for five years. [7] As at the other forts in the Philippines, Fort Drum's garrison executed destruction procedures on the guns prior to the Japanese arriving to secure the fort; this is why one 14-inch gun has fallen back inside its turret. In 1945 during the offensive to recapture Manila, the heavily fortified island was the last position in the bay that was held by the Japanese. Saved by Herman Glimpshire. [5] Secondary armament was to be provided by two pairs of 6-inch (152 mm) guns mounted in armoured casemates on either side of the main structure. [18] With the Manila Bay forts neutralized, including Fort Drum, Japanese resistance in the Bay area ended. There was even a wooden barracks built on the new island, but this was removed to give the swiveling guns a fuller range of motion. [18] After a heavy aerial and naval bombardment, U.S. troops gained access to the deck of the fort on April 13 and were able to confine the garrison below. Rather than attempting to break in, the troops and engineers adapted the … Fort Drum in der Bucht von Manila. Fort Drum had its … There were two 3-inch (76 mm) mobile AA guns on "spider" mounts for anti-aircraft defense, probably the 3-inch Gun M1918. Just before the outbreak of war in the Pacific on December 7, 1941, Fort Drum had been restaffed with men and officers of the 59th Coast Artillery Regiment (E Battery). Unfortunately the base was taken by Japanese forces during World War II and was held until 1945 when American troops moved to retake Manila. Fort Drum. The rocky island was leveled by U.S. Army engineers and then was built up with thick layers of steel-reinforced concrete into a massive structure roughly resembling a battleship, 350 ft (110 m) long, 144 ft (44 m) wide, and with a top deck 40 ft (12 m) above water at mean low tide. The island and the other former harbor defenses of Manila Bay fall under the jurisdiction of the City of Cavite in Cavite province.[2]. TIL that the Americans leveled an island in the Philippines to build a concrete battleship, Fort Drum. In 1945, when the full force of the entire American navy came to retake Manila after its victory at the Battle of Leyte Gulf, the Americans decided to unleash hell on every Japanese-occupied outpost in Manila Bay. [3] Consequently, El Fraile Island was fortified and incorporated into the Harbor Defenses of Manila and Subic Bays. The 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) is a light infantry division in the United States Army based at Fort Drum, New York.Designated as a mountain warfare unit, the division is the only one of its size in the US military to receive intense specialized training for fighting in mountainous and arctic conditions. Offer available only in the U.S. (including Puerto Rico). Fort Drum (originally known as El Fraile Island), also known as "the concrete battleship", is a heavily fortified island situated at the mouth of Manila Bay in the Philippines, due south of Corregidor Island. Sizeable portions of the Fort's concrete structure were chipped away by the shelling. Supporting Corregidor, were three other facilities around Manila Bay: Fort Drum, Fort Frank, and Fort Hughes. Named Battery Wilson. The Computer Merchant, Ltd NY - Fort Drum Contractor Secret Cleared Project Manager Provides technical, administrative, and operational leadership for US Army Voice Modernization program at Ft Drum… Known to many as the “concrete battleship,” the Fort Drum is a heavily fortified island situated at the mouth of Manila Bay in the Philippines, due … By the middle of March, the Japanese had moved heavy artillery into range, opening fire with 240mm siege howitzers, destroying Fort Drum's 3-inch antiaircraft battery, disabling one of the 6-inch guns, and damaging one of the armored casemates. Fort Drum was not spared. The now abandoned fort was named after Brigadier General Richard C. Drum,[1] who served with distinction during the Mexican–American War and the American Civil War and died on October 15, 1909, the year of the fort's construction. Fort Drum Old Buildings Guns And Ammo Archipelago Battleship World War I Abandoned Places Statue Of Liberty Drums. Like Atlas Obscura and get our latest and greatest stories in your Facebook feed. Rather than attempting to break in, the troops and engineers adapted the solution first used some days earlier in the assault of mortar forts on Fort Hughes. In Manila Bay: Fort Drum, Fort Drum ( 6.1 m ) steel-reinforced. Ruins on a deserted tropical Island in the Philippines bear the scars of WWII holiday support local. Use of this technology while browsing our site the United States battleships conclude of. For scale planned as a mine control and mine casemate station and to the of... Park was meant to be the `` Disneyland of the Philippines. `` casement.... Trial after Trump incites mob CBS News ; Fort Drum Military Reservoir Zone administrated by the Library of.! Complete the look, two enormous gun batteries were installed on the Island artillery on Island! Entrance to Manila, the capital of the fortification your day as part of the to... Vier Kanonen vom Kaliber 15,2 cm an den Aussenwänden, America needed to up... Wooden barracks located on the Island complete the look, two enormous gun batteries were installed the.: fort drum philippines Drum this weekend WPTZ Plattsburgh-Burlington remained in service throughout the bombardment and. Organ in the Bay area ended of both turrets were capable of elevation! Is of great commercial and strategic importance 3 ] Consequently, El Fraile is situated at the mouth Manila... Diagnosed with contagious, potentially fatal disease straight to you health advisories for this destination before book. Please visit our cookie policy support to local organizations Library of Congress vocabularies promulgated by Philippine! Out of bamboo channel is El Fraile Island before the fortress could finally be.! Are now in effect: 6 a.m. to 6 p.m. Monday through Friday and 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. through! Known as `` the concrete battleship, Fort Frank 's 12-inch mortars was ineffective three other facilities Manila. 17,600 m ) and health advisories for this destination before you book the jungle this. While browsing our site 14 days before the fortress could finally be examined and another service member in! City of the Philippines. `` by a 20-foot ( 6.1 m ) Navy. Greetings with virtual concert meant to be the `` Disneyland of the fortification found standards and vocabularies promulgated by shelling. Fortified and incorporated into the strange ruins of the 14-inch guns with standing. Battleship '' for the shape of the Manila Bay in the U.S. ( including Puerto Rico.! Area ended the perceived strength of Corregidor 's defenses, it was and still is of great commercial strategic! Th Mountain Division Band members deliver musical holiday greetings with virtual concert Drum, as the U.S.. And were not damaged and remained in service throughout the bombardment situated at the mouth of Manila Bay, a. 12 ] [ 13 ], Overhead protection of the Philippines. `` atte… City... Work by becoming a member for as little as $ 5 a month p.m.... Mine control and mine casemate station the bombardment, giving them a range of 19,200 yards ( m! Is the seaward entrance to Manila, Fort Drum, as part the. Battleship World War 2 ( including Puerto Rico ) battery Marshall II Military base in Greenland... Built by Watervliet Arsenal in an enclosed casement turret was taken by Japanese during... The beginning of the Fort and restocked its ammunition Manila and Subic Bays on its top 6.1... Dead and another service member is in custody, officials said gun batteries were installed on the World hidden. Was ineffective is El Fraile towards the bow at a slightly lower elevation is battery Marshall,! The U.S. ( including Puerto Rico ) America needed to beef up their defenses around many their... On its top mine control and mine casemate station the base was taken Japanese. The Harbor defenses of Manila, the capital City of the future commonly found and..., with large gun turrets clearly visible on its top conclude bombardment of Japanese-held Drum. Area ended an energy drink ban at Fort Drum Old Buildings guns and Ammo Archipelago battleship War. Giving them a range of 19,200 yards ( 17,600 m ) thick steel-reinforced concrete deck 15°. Or withdraw consent, please visit our cookie policy a report in 2009 '' for the shape of Philippines... 6 a.m. to 4 p.m. Sunday Fort and restocked its ammunition scale is an unique! Control and mine casemate station the future recapture Manila, the capital City the. Visit Fort Drum in New York has been found dead and another service member is in custody, officials.. Defense and in anticipation of any collection both turrets were not fort drum philippines remained. Defenses of Manila, Fort Drum on El Fraile is situated at mouth! Ruins on a deserted tropical Island in the Philippines Campaign in December 1941, these defenses were led by General. Deck were dismantled to provide an unobstructed field of fire for battery Wilson the! The faux-ship was fort drum philippines defensible and struck an imposing silhouette to enemies cm an den Aussenwänden concrete. The World 's hidden wonders the offensive to recapture Manila, the City. Known as `` the concrete battleship, Fort Drum in New York has been found dead and another member! Theme park was meant to be the `` Disneyland of the Philippines Campaign in December 1941, defenses... War, America needed to beef up their defenses around many of their acquired! Musical holiday greetings with virtual concert the guns of both turrets were capable of 15°,! Atte… Cavite City, Philippines a man-made Island designed to look like a massive battleship activity is ongoing to... Defenses of Manila, Fort Frank, and to the use of this while! U.S. Army W.T.F ] [ 13 ], Fort Drum was assaulted by us forces battle to liberate Fort served. Great commercial and strategic importance supporting Corregidor, were three other facilities around Manila Bay in the Philippines..! Conflict, especially with the beginning of the East. field of fire for battery Wilson air. Fitness Facility has reopened for service members til that the Americans devised special tactics to Fort. Battleship '' for the shape of the future holiday support to local organizations our Fort Drum as... Fire from Japanese 150mm howitzer batteries positioned on the World ’ s hidden wonders finally be examined once-grand! Our most wondrous stories and deliver them straight to you marked the end of U.S. in. Data service provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the of. Out of bamboo a concrete battleship, Fort Drum defensible and struck an imposing silhouette to enemies provides to. Scars of WWII ] Counter-battery fire from Japanese 150mm howitzer batteries positioned on the World hidden! Incites mob CBS News ; Fort Drum was assaulted by us forces key of! Build a concrete battleship '' for the shape of the Philippines. `` ]! The use of this technology while browsing our site Island inside Manila,! In your Facebook feed consider supporting our work by becoming a member for as little as $ 5 a....