On the other end of the spectrum, the constitutive theory of statehood defines a state as a person under international law only if it is recognised as sovereign by other states. In 1946 the number of independent countries was 74. Note 2: Geopolitical Entities, Names, and Codes (GENC) Standard two-letter and three-letter codes. Previously, Namibia was known as South West Africa when the latter was officially a German territory. The table includes bullets representing entities which are either not sovereign states or have a close association to another sovereign state. Note 3: With the establishment of diplomatic relations with China on January 1, 1979, the US Government recognized the People’s Republic of China as the sole legal government of China and acknowledged the Chinese position that there is only one China and that Taiwan is part of China. For more information on the criteria used to determine the contents of this list, please see the criteria for inclusion section below. * Diplomatic relations with the United States Global AIDS Coordinator and Global Health Diplomacy, Special Presidential Envoy for Hostage Affairs, Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation, Special Representative for Syria Engagement, U.S. Security Coordinator for Israel and the Palestinian Authority, Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security, Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance, Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights, Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, Office of International Religious Freedom, Office of the Special Envoy To Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism, Office of the U.S. Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, Under Secretary for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment, Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, Office of the Science and Technology Adviser, Bureau of Information Resource Management, Bureau of the Comptroller and Global Financial Services, Office of Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service, Office of Management Strategy and Solutions, Bureau of International Organization Affairs, Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs, Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs, Dependencies and Areas of Special Sovereignty, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. We can also compare apparel industry earnings to the dire poverty in these countries. Taiwan has many qualities commonly attributed to statehood. Trinidad and Tobago contains one autonomous region, Ukraine contains one autonomous region, the. Unique political entities which fail to meet the classification of a sovereign state are considered proto-states. There are nine member states of the Commonwealth of Independent States. Last change was with the ending of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro in June 2006, Montenegro and Serbia came into existence as independent states. Debate exists on the degree to which recognition should be included as a criterion of statehood. The talks were held amid hostile talk emerging from a meeting of the US and its allies in Warsaw, where they talked about their take on the Middle East. Fiercely holding onto their independence, these tiny spaces persist with ancient histories in a modern world. [improper synthesis?]. Note 5: Claimed by both the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the authorities on Taiwan. More and more countries around the world are restricting travel from Britain and elsewhere amid concerns about new strains of coronavirus, as their governments analyse test results and … List of countries in Asia. The list is intended to include entities that have been recognised as having de facto status as sovereign states, and inclusion should not be seen as an endorsement of any specific claim to statehood in legal terms. Countries by Independence Date Here are all the countries in the world, listed in order from the oldest to the youngest : Of these countries 7 commemorate the day on January 1 including Haiti, Sudan, Cuba, Cameroon, Samoa, Brunei, and the Czech Republic. list of countries in the world with their capital. It is interesting to think that on the eve of the First World War, imperialism had reduced the number of independent countries in the world to just 59. In most of these countries more than half the population lives on less than $2 per day. The following is a list providing an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.. North Korea is not recognised by three UN members. Cis Countries 2020 The Commonwealth of Independent States (or CIS) is an intergovernmental organization made up of post-Soviet nations throughout Eurasia. The 9 newest countries in the world. Signature dishes from 50 countries around the world The flavors and aromas of a signature dish can tell colorful and intricate tales about a nation’s spirit, its history, and its culture. Only states whose entire sovereignty is disputed by another state are listed. Norway has one dependent territory and two claimed Antarctic dependent territories in the Southern Hemisphere: Azad Kashmir describes itself as a "self-governing state under Pakistani control", while Gilgit-Baltistan is described in its governance order as a group of "areas" with self-government. Built during World War II, it stood six Kms beyond British marine territory without anyone’s legal claim over it. The advent of decolonisation was the leading cause to the dramatic increase in this number. three linguistic communities and three regions, See Congo, Democratic Republic of the listing, Rebel Zapatista Autonomous Municipalities, See Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic listing, 17 autonomous communities and two special autonomous cities, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, one capital district, and federal dependencies, United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244, United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo, received diplomatic recognition from 113 UN member states, Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia, participates in international organizations, Adjectivals and demonyms for countries and nations, List of administrative divisions by country, List of countries and capitals in native languages, List of countries and dependencies by population, List of national capitals in alphabetical order, List of rebel groups that control territory, List of sovereign states and dependent territories by continent, List of sovereign states by date of formation, United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories, specialized agencies of the United Nations, political status of the ROC and legal status of Taiwan, Dates of establishment of diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China, societies that cannot be defined as states, "Chapter 44: The Barbuda Local Government Act", "Pakistan Worldview, Report 21, Visit to Azerbaijan", Nilufer Bakhtiyar: "For Azerbaijan Pakistan does not recognise Armenia as a country", "Pakistan the only country not recognizing Armenia – envoy", "Cape Verde Gets New Name: 5 Things to Know About How Maps Change", "Hvert er formlegt heiti landsins okkar? 21 members of the United Nations, as well as the Holy See, recognize Taiwan as the seat of the Republic of China. The legal name for Canada is the sole word; an officially sanctioned, though disused, name is Dominion of Canada (which includes its legal title); see: The government of Cape Verde declared "Cabo Verde" to be the official English name of the country in 2013. Some independence struggles such as those in Tibet and Palestine have achieved constant worldwide recognition and media support, yet difficult political circumstances have rendered them ineffective in their goals, decade after decade. Syria has one self-declared autonomous region: Rojava. FIFA members that aren't independent countries You might have noticed that 211 is more than the number of actual independent countries in the world. Bahrain (Manama) (AS) 3. Thirteen other countries became independent through a variety of circumstances, including independence movements: March 21, 1990: Namibia became independent of South Africa. in international organizations). It is interesting to think that on the eve of the First World War, imperialism had reduced the number of independent countries in the world to just 59. For other country lists, see, This column indicates whether or not a state is a member of the. That's because, much like the Olympics, FIFA used to allow dependent territories to … Unless you don't count Taiwan… Taiwan is not considered an official country by many, which would bring the count down to 195 countries. Resources wise its China. Two states that satisfy the declarative theory of statehood and are recognised only by non-UN member states: One state that satisfies the declarative theory of statehood and is not recognised by any other state: Two entities controlled by Pakistan which are neither sovereign states, dependent territories, or part of another state: Dependent territories of another state, as well as areas that exhibit many characteristics of dependent territories according to the, Subnational entities created by international agreements, The extent to which a state's sovereignty is recognised internationally. Fact Sheet However, the People's Republic of China believes the government o… Country Population (2020) World Share Land Area (Km²) 1: China: 1,439,323,776: 18.5 %: 9,388,211: 2: India: 1,380,004,385: 17.7 %: 2,973,190: 3: United States: 331,002,651: 4.2 %: 9,147,420: 4: Indonesia: 273,523,615: 3.5 %: 1,811,570: 5: Pakistan: 220,892,340: 2.8 %: 770,880: 6: Brazil: 212,559,417: 2.7 %: 8,358,140: 7: Nigeria: 206,139,589: 2.6 %: 910,770: 8: Bangladesh: 164,689,383: 2.1 %: 130,170: 9: Russia: … For example, it includes Kosovo, but does not officially include Taiwan, as China claims that Taiwan (the ROC) is … The Convention defines the state as a person of international law if it "possess[es] the following qualifications: (a) a permanent population; (b) a defined territory; (c) government; and (d) a capacity to enter into relations with the other states" so long as it was not "obtained by force whether this consists in the employment of arms, in threatening diplomatic representations, or in any other effective coercive measure". Ireland is an amazing place to live because it is one of the safest countries around the world. The sovereignty dispute column indicates states having … [m], China is not recognised by 15 UN member states and the Holy See, which, with the exception of Bhutan, all recognise Taiwan instead.[n]. There are 196 countries in the world today.. Kosovo, which declared independence from Serbia in February 2008 is the newest country. As they have an abundance of natural resources and its very diverse too.They are the highest producers of several natural and man made goods. On Thursday leaders from Russia, Turkey and Iran gathered in the Black Sea city of Sochi to discuss ways of ending Syria’s crisis. The largest independent country in the world is Russia, while the most populous is China, followed by India, the United States of America, Indonesia, Pakistan and Brazil. Since the year 1990, 34 new countries have been created, many as a result of the dissolution of the U.S.S.R. and Yugoslavia in the early 1990s. Administered by the authorities on Taiwan. Although Taiwan operates as an independent country, many countries (including the U.S.) do not officially recognize it as one. [m] The ROC participates in international organizations under a variety of pseudonyms, most commonly "Chinese Taipei" and in the WTO it has full membership. Some parts of Africa — especially in the West and the South — have democratized. Dependencies and Areas of Special Sovereignty, Total count of independent states: 195 Tajikistan contains one autonomous region. Not even the UK. Armenia (Yerevan) (EU) 9. Belarus (Minsk) (EU) 6. Formerly referred to as the Kingdom of Swaziland, its official name until 2018. Territories, such as Hong Kong, Bermuda, Puerto Rico, and Greenland that belong to other countries are not considered countries. There are 196 countries in the world today.. Others became new countries as a result of anticolonial and independence movements, including Eritrea and East Timor. The 10th annual edition of the Global Peace Index has found the most and least peaceful countries on the planet, ranking 163 nations according to how safe they are. Argentina (Buenos Aires) (SA) 8. Although Taiwan operates as an independent country, many countries (including the U.S.) do not officially recognize it as one. Taken together, these include: "List of nations" and "List of countries" redirect here. See. Because the People's Republic of China considers Taiwan a breakaway province of … 24 August … The map that shows most and least free countries in the world. The 20 most dangerous countries in the world. Taiwan is officially named \"the Republic of China\" (China is \"the People's Republic of China\"). Resources wise its China. , On the basis of the above criteria, this list includes the following 206 entities:[ai]. Since South Sudan became an independent state on July 9, 2011, there are now 195 independent sovereign nations in the world (not including the disputed but de facto independent Taiwan), plus some 60 dependent areas, and several disputed territories, like Kosovo. This total is often cited inaccurately as the actual number of countries in the world; it's inaccurate because there are two other members with limited status. So too have countries in Asia, with India being the world’s largest democracy. The Realm of New Zealand has responsibilities for (but no rights of control over) two freely associated states: The Cook Islands and Niue have diplomatic relations with 49 and 18 UN members respectively. Andorra (Andorra la Vella) (EU) 5. Most of the big spots on the map can be filled in with countries that are members of the UN. Unless you don't count Taiwan. Both the Vatican (officially known as the Holy See), which is an independent nation, and the Palestinian Authority, which is a quasi-governmental body, have been granted permanent observer status at the United Nations. A good place to start any list of countries is with the UN. Formerly referred to as, A simpler official short name has been encouraged by the Czech government, ", The designation "Denmark" can refer either to continental Denmark or to the short name for the entire Kingdom of the. Since South Sudan became an independent state on 9 July 2011, there are now 195 independent sovereign states in the world (including de facto independent Taiwan). Antigua and Barbuda (St. John's) (NA) 7. The Rebel Zapatista Autonomous Municipalities have de facto autonomy. More information can be found at. Three other overseas territories (Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius) are special municipalities of the continental Netherlands. The ROC was a founding member of the UN and enjoyed membership from 1945 to 1971, with veto power in the UN Security Council. Below are lists of the countries and territories formerly ruled or administered by the United Kingdom or part of the British Empire, with their independence days. After all, the United Nations only recognizes 195. Appendix: Dependencies or Not? Last change was with the ending of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro in June 2006, Montenegro and Serbia came into existence as independent states. Table 2 reports the World Bank’s estimated percent of the population that lives on less than $1 and $2 per day. This practice is unofficial and provisional. Bangladesh (Dhaka) (AS) 4. osterkartenausstellung.at Da es a uf der Wel t 1 93 unabhängige St aat en g ibt, k önnte die Ausstellung noch in 18 3 Staaten a bg ehalten werden. ! New change, since previous list, Source: Office of The Geographer and Global Issues, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, U.S. Department of State, Washington, D.C. NOTES 0 comments. The United Nations is a body of 193 sovereign independent nation states.This covers everything you probably first think of as a country: Canada, Bolivia, Germany, Botswana, Malaysia, etc. Many are tropical locations found far out at sea, but some are landlocked nations formed on tiny pockets of land in mountains or on coastlines. Barbados (Bridgetown) (NA) 5. The USA, the richest country in the world, ranked as one of the most ignorant countries, below many less developed countries. Albania (Tirane) (EU) 3. How many countries are there in the world? The Philippines contains one autonomous region. When the League of Nations, the interwar predecessor to the United Nations, was formed after World War I, Ethiopia was the only independent African member. The 206 listed states can be divided into three categories based on membership within the United Nations System: 193 member states, two observer states and 11 other states. Compiling a list such as this can be a difficult and controversial process, as there is no definition that is binding on all the members of the community of nations concerning the criteria for statehood. Freedom is in decline across the world Will Worley @willrworley. For example, the CIA World Factbook uses the word in its "Country name" field to refer to "a wide variety of dependencies, areas of special sovereignty, uninhabited islands, and other entities in addition to the traditional countries or independent states". Algeria (Algiers) (AF) 4. South Korea is not recognised by North Korea, which claims to be the sole legitimate government of Korea. Taking advantage of this loophole, in the year 1966 on Christmas eve, Roy Bates, a former British military serviceman, took his claim over it … "Republic of Ireland" (the official. Since South Sudan became an independent state on 9 July 2011, there are now 195 independent sovereign states in the world (including de facto independent Taiwan). Some nearly-independent "countries" like the Cook Islands (associated with New Zealand) and Aruba (the Netherlands) are included too. Around the world, journalists continue to hold their governments accountable and tell the stories of marginalized people despite the high risks and low salary. Only 20 were independent before the start of the 19th century—a mere 10%— and by 1900, only 49 or 25% of the countries of today were independent. For more information on divisions with a high degree of autonomy, see. [Islamic Republic of Afghanistan] Albania. Israel is not recognised as a state by 32 UN members and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. [Principality of Andorra] Angola. The advent of decolonisation was the leading cause to the dramatic increase in this number. For example, Taiwan has its own armed forces, a president who is elected, and its own constitution. Coordinator for the Arctic Region, Bureaus and Offices Reporting Directly to the Secretary, Office of the Coordinator for Cyber Issues, Office of the U.S. Germany. While tasty platters today may be held up as proud testaments to a people’s resilience … Government ministers are set to discuss plans to keep schools closed until the end of the month at a Covid-19 Cabinet sub-committee meeting this …  They have full treaty-making capacity in the UN, and are members of some UN specialized agencies. GENC is the replacement standard for FIPS 10-4 and is the U.S. Government profile of the ISO 3166 international country code standard. Although Taiwan operates as an independent country, many countries (including the U.S.) do not officially recognize it as one. It is mighty though, as it is perhaps the most influential in terms of religion: It serves as the spiritual center of the Roman Catholic church and home of the Pope. Austria (Vienna) (EU) 11. For the purposes of this list, included are all states that either: Note that in some cases, there is a divergence of opinion over the interpretation of the first point, and whether an entity satisfies it is disputed. In 1949, the Republic of China government led by the, Also known as Congo-Kinshasa. list of countries in the world with their capital. It also includes subnational areas where the sovereignty of the titular state is limited by an international agreement. Article bookmarked. The thirst for independent journalism in developing countries is growing. [Republic of Albania] Algeria. By this methodology, there are therefore 253 "countries" in the world: 194 independent nation-states, 55 dependencies, Antarctica, and 3 other areas. Some countries did not gain their independence on a single date, therefore the latest day of independence is shown with a break down of dates further down. Independence of Ukrainian People's Republic from Russian Republic declared. Taiwan is not considered an official country by many, which would bring the count down to 195 countries. Most independent countries in the world, gained their independece through "illegal" methods, because otherwise there didn't exist any other way Countries in The United Nations. The newest country with widespread international recognition as a sovereign state is South Sudan, followed by Montenegro. The 206 listed states can be divided into three categories based on membership within the United Nations System: 193 member states, two observer states and 11 other states.